DESPRO– Decentralisation Support in Ukraine

 

SDC has entrusted Skat with the implementation of the decentralisation project (Phases I-III) with the aim of contributing to the improvement of service provision in rural communities through the rehabilitation of community infrastructure, supporting service providers and strengthening of participatory decision-making processes and thus to the livelihoods of the rural population in Ukraine. Furthermore, developing, implementing and institutionalising of feasible mechanisms for local authorities to deliver efficient and effective public services to citizens in a decentralised manner as well as supporting the reform process on local self governance at national level.

Project Facts

Country:

Ukraine

Project Period:

Phase I & II: 2007-2013

Phase III: 2013-2017

Services Provided:

Project Implementation

Team

DESPRO is implemented by a team of 12 Ukrainian staff based in Kyiv, headed by a Senior Project Coordinator Oksana Garnets, steered and supported by Skat Project Manager Juerg Christen, and other technical experts from the Skat team in St.Gallen.

Project Description

 

DESPRO was established by Skat in 2007 in response to request from the President of the Ukraine to the Swiss government for support of decentralising government to improve public services.

The political crisis of 2013-2014, annexation of Crimea and military conflict at the East Ukraine resulted in the difficult economic situation and a large number of Internally Displaced People. In this context, decentralisation reform is one of the country`s strategic priorities.

DESPRO being an active promoter of decentralisation reform, faced new challenges- and opportunities- at national, oblast and local levels when providing technical and advocacy support to the implementation of reform. The project has to main approaches- the first is supporting decentralisation reform as well as political and administrative processes at all levels; the second is strengthening the capacity of the local government to deliver new decentralised services in the areas of water supply, sanitation and solid waste management.

Phase I (2007-2009)

The overall goal of the first phase of the project was to initiate models of decentralized public services at rayon, village and municipal levels and their further integration and adoption at the regional level and national level.

Phase II (2010-2012)

The objectives of DESPRO second phase:
• Improving the quality of services and access to them in the target rayons.
• Implementation of effective models related to knowledge  management in the areas of decentralization and local governance.
• Supporting the national reforming processes in the sphere of decentralization and local governance.

current phase III (2013-2017)

The main focus of the ongoing Phase III is on scaling up the existing practices and lessons learnt (water supply and solid waste management) from Phase II in existing and new Oblasts. Additionally adequate solutions for rural sanitation will be piloted in two regions. The ongoing reform process at national level on strengthening local self governance will be further supported. All interventions on disseminating and institutionalising the developed approaches and mechanisms of decentralised services provision will be in cooperation with Minregion, Parlamentary Committee on State-Building and local self governance, and Association of Villages and of Cities. With the aim to strengthen synergies and to demonstrate scaling up mechanisms developed during previous phases in Vinnytska and Sumy Oblast, activities will be expanded to three new partner Oblasts, Ivano Frankivsk and Poltava and Dnepropetrovks.

Phase III addresses the following main objective:

Quality of and access to selected public services are improved with the participation of local communities and authorities who are institutionally strenghtened and jointly contribute to the local governance reform process at the national level.

Two project outcomes are defined as following:

Sustainable models of decentralised service delivery

Feasible models of decentralised service delivery of the selected public services are further developed, successfully implemented, documented and taken up in the national decentralisation reform process for further replication.

National reform process

National reform process towards decentralisation and local self-governance is strengthened through the provision of advisory support to key national institutions/stakeholders and local governance associations based on the experiences in the target regions regarding local service provision, cross-level cooperation, gender sensitive approach and community participation.

Results and lessons learned at the local and regional levels are well documented with DESPRO’s support in order to be used for knowledge management purposes and to make them available for public servants, and to feed them into further policy development at the national level.