Code of Practice for Cost-Effective Boreholes

Development of a Code of Practice for Cost-Effective Boreholes for UNICEF. Studies and testing of methodology in Burkina Faso, Ghana and Zambia, including the development of national protocols for cost-effective borehole drilling in these three countries.


Burkina Faso, Ghana, Nigeria, Sudan, Zambia, Switzerland

Project Period:

2009 – 2010

Services Provided:

Backstopping & Technical Advice

  • Consultancy and Project Management

Name of Staff involved and functions performed:

Project Manager: Kerstin Danert

Name of Client(s):


Description of the Project:

Skat has undertaken the project management, including contracting a number of consultants to undertake in-country studies and support with the development of resource materials.

The final Code of Practice for Cost-Effective Boreholes provides clear and systematic guidance for decision-making and implementation of programmes that support the provision of drilled water wells. The Code of Practice comprises a set of ten principles which cover professionalisation of the private sector, procurement and contract management, well drilling technology, well design, development and test pumping as well as record keeping and reporting.

The outputs of the work will also include three country studies and draft national protocols, as well as a field note and model (in excel) on the costing and pricing of water wells and a field note on siting. Backstopping support to UNICEF New York, Nigeria and Sudan in relation to cost-effective boreholes and the development of national protocols was also provided by Skat as part of this project.